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Jun '10

Elements of the

Elements of the mixed economy the central project of a mixed economy replaces long-term ideological goals with the proposition that economic growth should be the focus of state policies in order to achieve and sustain development, both economically and socially. (See Samuelson condition). Is economic growth that provides fiscal resources and facilitates social altruism, thus making not only more acceptable to those sectors which are economically better off redistributive policies but also creating the circumstances in which both the state and the disadvantaged not need to rely on that goodwill to implement such policies. In pursuit of this, the supporters of the mixed economy recognize three main legitimate actors: the state, as individuals and a third sector, which can be called the social community or sector, which includes the local communities, cooperatives, unions and so on.(Generally, any Community action independent of both government and private companies, which in this are called NGOs or civil society). These actors are perceived, despite being intergrowth, as basically independent. This means that the act they have goals and motivations and autonomous, it should not be subject to control, depending on the action or pursue the interests of other sectors. In general the economic aspect, these three actors generate three sectors of economic action: the state sector, private sector and social sector. Although certain activities lend themselves more to the action by one of them, these sectors should not be perceived as having, in general, areas of exclusive action. For example, in the area of education can coexist both private and social actors and state. The same is true in finance and industry, etc.(See, for example, social banking, social enterprise, etc) in general outline, the areas of legitimate action of these actors are as Private sector: those generally recognized under capitalism, but regulated to protect or promote the public interest or social (eg health and safety standards at work, environmental protection, paying taxes to fund state action, etc). Social sector: generally reserved for economic profit (meaning profit earnings paid to those who are not direct employees in a company) or social improvement (such as Oxfam, Greenpeace, Red Cross, etc.) The state’s role is more complex: the actor has both the obligation to implement and ensure that other players respect the rules of the game and to act in certain areas both economically and in certain circumstances.The areas of legitimate state action, in this view, are those that are perceived national interest of both general social and economic convenience. For example, the state has an obligation to provide overall economic stability in the economy, access to transport on an equal basis to both individuals and businesses. The same information, finance and financial services, etc. This leads to the creation of mechanisms to both the issue of money, control of interest rates (for example, the Central Bank and other banks or public financial institutions (see bank)) mechanisms for outreach and education (state education, libraries public, media, radios, TVs, newspapers-state.) creation, maintenance and provision of transport (railways, airlines, road network) usually subsidized in order to be accessible to most citizens.In general, everything that has come to be seen as “public services” The circumstances that legitimize or require state action are those which deny or private or communal action. This can be caused either because a certain activity does not gain enough to motivate a private employer or because the levels of investment or return within the investment required is too large or too long for these sectors. Three classic examples are generally offered as an illustration of this: First, the provision of transport services (usually air or sea) to remote or isolated regions within a country. Transport due to both distance and quantity of demand is usually not an incentive for private action but it is essential to economic activity (including private) in the region. Second, the construction of Hoover Dam in the U.S. that demanded the investment of such levels of economic resources which states that without government intervention would not have been built.

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