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May '13


Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, to the best-known name are those who take scientifically a path of response to the meaning of existence with maieutics and logic. The preceding philosophers recoverd this route providing views dissimilar but United by a same thread of thought or form. (See theory of the cavern to understand being) The Judeo-Christian culture advocates the value of the intangible and inherits from the Greek forms but will make rest on the existence of a supreme being all universal truths, i.e. we are that God has made us and also to avoid problems will say that we are similar to our Creator. If we follow the line of religious thought, whatever his dogma will arrive to a being or Supreme beings who are the makers of the existence. Christian FREEWILL, the interventions of the Olympian gods, random, destination, or our inner animal are the response to something as complex as why man searches for the meaning of existence and its erratic way of thinking and acting. But only in the 20th century is where acunara the term of Existentialism, along with other ISMS in an attempt of classifying human knowledge, and more specifically in the literary field.

Jean-Paul Sartre is the visible face of this current born in France and product of centuries of encyclopedic, and with a very strong base such as realism and naturalism which sought to describe always from the literary field – or grasp the reality of human beings, which collided with the sense that these works were therefore created fictional and removed from reality. But French realism was not the only attempt to raise the sense of existence, as there are writings posed it in the past. We will leave aside the Greek classics and Romans and his works that seek to elevate the sense of the hero, making a slip of the events as the Trojan war or the greatness of an empire, that are not exempt from the existence, since there are didactismos (teachings), describes the ways of acting of its characters, it is therefore a reflection of the thought of the time, of the way of being.

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